Hypnosis as treatment
In our modern world we must knoe modern methods of treatment . Each person should
know about hypnosis and telepathy , because we need the help of parapsychology and
other new abilities of the doctors and psychologists . Do you know hypnosis ?
Hypnosis is a mental state (state theory) or imaginative role-enactment (non-state
theory) usually induced by a procedure known as a hypnotic induction, which is
commonly composed of a long series of preliminary instructions and suggestions.
Hypnotic suggestions may be delivered by a hypnotist in the presence of the subject,
or may be self-administered (“self-suggestion” or “autosuggestion”). The use of
hypnotism for therapeutic purposes is referred to as “hypnotherapy”.
Hypnotherapy is therapy that is undertaken with a subject in hypnosis.
The word “hypnosis” (from the Greek hypnos, “sleep”) is an abbreviation of James
Braid’s (1841) term “neuro-hypnotism”, meaning “sleep of the nervous system”.
A person who is hypnotized displays certain unusual characteristics and
propensities, compared with a non-hypnotized subject, most notably
hyper-suggestibility, which some authorities have considered a sine qua non of
hypnosis. For example, Clark L. Hull, probably the first major empirical researcher
in the field, wrote,
“If a subject after submitting to the hypnotic procedure shows no genuine
increase in susceptibility to any suggestions whatever, there seems no point in
calling him hypnotised…”
Hypnotherapy is often applied in order to modify a subject’s behavior, emotional
content, and attitudes, as well as a wide range of conditions including
dysfunctional habits, anxiety, stress-related illness, pain management, and personal
A therapist who utilizes hypnosis as a primary tool for assisting clients to achieve
their goals. A Hypnotherapist often differs from others therapists by focusing on
the role of subconscious behaviors and influences on the client’s life.
In 1973, Dr. John Kappas, Founder of the Hypnosis Motivation Institute, wrote and
defined the profession of a Hypnotherapist in the Federal Dictionary of Occupational
“Induces hypnotic state in client to increase motivation or alter behavior patterns:
Consults with client to determine nature of problem. Prepares client to enter
hypnotic state by explaining how hypnosis works and what client will experience.
Tests subject to determine degree of physical and emotional suggestibility. Induces
hypnotic state in client, using individualized methods and techniques of hypnosis
based on interpretation of test results and analysis of client’s problem. May train
client in self-hypnosis conditioning.”
Hypnotherapy takes many different forms, and has integrated elements from, and in
turn influenced, other psychotherapeutic traditions throughout its history.
The form of hypnotherapy practiced by most Victorian hypnotists, including James
Braid and Hippolyte Bernheim, mainly employed direct suggestion of symptom removal, with some use of therapeutic relaxation and occasionally aversion to alcohol, drugs, etc. This simple form of treatment employed relatively direct methods and few
theoretical constructs, but has continued to influence most subsequent forms of
In 1895 Sigmund Freud and Joseph Breuer published a seminal clinical text entitled
Studies in Hysteria (1895) which promoted a new approach to psychotherapy. Freud and Breuer used hypnosis to regress clients to an earlier age in order to help them
remember and abreact supposedly repressed traumatic memories. Although Freud
gradually abandoned hypnotherapy in favour of his developing method of psychoanalysis, his early work continued to influence many subsequent
hypnotherapists. However, as Freud later conceded, his French rival Pierre Janet had
already published a case study describing the use of age regression in hypnotic
psychotherapy, a few years earlier.
Subsequent regression hypnotherapy was sometimes known as “hypnoanalysis”, “analytic hypnotherapy”, or “psychodynamic hypnotherapy.” Many practitioners worked in ways that bore only faint resemblance to Freud’s original approach, although others
continued to be influenced by later psychoanalytic theory and practice.
Hypnoanalysis found support in both world wars where it was used by military
psychiatrists as a rapid alternative to psychoanalysis in the treatment of
shellshock, now known as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Considerable controversy developed regarding the use of regression to uncover
allegedly repressed memories in the 1990s as the result of several high-profile
legal cases, where clients sued their therapists over claims of false memory
Milton H. Erickson was one of the most influential hypnotists of the 20th century.
From around the 1950s onward, Erickson developed a radically different approach to
hypnotism, which has subsequently become known as “Ericksonian hypnotherapy” or
“Neo-Ericksonian hypnotherapy.” Erickson made use of a more informal conversational
approach with many clients and complex language patterns, and therapeutic
strategies. However, this very divergence from tradition led some of his colleagues,
most notably Andre Weitzenhoffer, to dispute whether Erickson was right to label his
approach “hypnosis” at all. Nevertheless, Erickson’s work continues to be one of the
most influential forces in modern hypnotherapy.
The founders of Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP), a methodology similar in some
regards to hypnotism, claimed that they had modelled the work of Erickson
extensively and assimilated it into their approach called the Milton Model.
Weitzenhoffer disputed whether NLP bears any genuine resemblance to Erickson’s work.
Cognitive behavioural hypnotherapy (CBH) is an integrated psychological therapy
employing clinical hypnosis and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
In 1974, Theodore Barber and his colleagues published an influential review of the
research which argued, following the earlier social psychology of Theodore R.
Sarbin, that hypnotism was better understood not as a “special state” but as the
result of normal psychological variables, such as active imagination, expectation,
appropriate attitudes, and motivation. Barber introduced the term
“cognitive-behavioral” to describe the nonstate theory of hypnotism, and discussed
its application to behavior therapy.
The growing application of cognitive and behavioral psychological theories and
concepts to the explanation of hypnosis paved the way for a closer integration of
hypnotherapy with various cognitive and behavioral therapies. However, many
cognitive and behavioral therapies were themselves originally influenced by older
hypnotherapy techniques, e.g., the systematic desensitisation of Joseph Wolpe, the
cardinal technique of early behavior therapy, was originally called “hypnotic
desensitisation” and derived from the Medical Hypnotism (1948) of Lewis Wolberg.
The traditional style of hypnotherapy can be seen as a precursor of
cognitive-behavioral therapy insofar as both place emphasis upon “common sense”
theoretical explanations and the use of relaxation, and rehearsal of positive ideas
and imagery in therapy. Modern cognitive therapy primarily differs from previous
hypnotherapy approaches by placing much greater emphasis upon the direct Socratic
disputation of negative beliefs. However, cognitive-behavioral hypnotherapists have
assimilated this technique alongside their use of hypnosis.
From the 1980s onward various clinical textbooks about CBH were written by
researchers such as Steven Jay Lynn, Irving Kirsch, E. Thomas Dowd, William Golden,
and Assen Alladin.
Professional membership boards :
* American Society of Clinical Hypnosis (ASCH) was founded in 1957 by Milton
Erickson, MD. It is an interdisciplinary organization of medical, dental and mental
health professionals interested in the clinical use of hypnosis. ASCH promotes
understanding and use of hypnosis as a clinical tool with broad applications in
medicine, dentistry and mental health. ASCH offers training and certification
programs and provides practitioners with ethical and treatment guidelines for the
clinical use of hypnosis by trained, licensed professionals. Currently, ASCH has
nearly 2,000 members in the U.S., Canada and other countries.
The practice of hypnosis is not only used for entertainment in stage shows but also
it is used effectively in treating mental and bodily disorders. Even though hypnosis
is a scientific technique mystery still shrouds it and people look at it from a
skeptical point of view. There are many uses of hypnosis and it can treat
individuals suffering from hypochondria or other bodily or mental problems. Hypnosis
is nothing but a trance like condition of the mind where the subconscious mind of
the individual accepts suggestions that are external and may be verbal or
non-verbal. It is however extremely important that the method be used only by
trained practitioners of the technique who know the advantages and disadvantages of
the technique. One can find traces of healing the mind in some of the cultures of
the world that used the technique of hypnosis but were not aware of its scientific
Hypnosis is effectively used in making individuals give up habits like smoking,
managing extreme pain, losing weight, getting rid of addictions, and even changing
habits of individuals. Hypnosis treatment is the best alternative method over the
conventional ways of treating mental and bodily problems. The power of the mind is
unleashed by hypnosis, the mind accepts external stimuli easily, and thus one can
surely hope for positive changes in the behavior of the individuals. Mental and
bodily relaxation is best achieved by the method of hypnosis and one can even hope
for improving their memory, concentration, visualization, getting rid of emotional
trauma, and other metal problems. Hypnosis has also proved its capacity to heal
physical conditions like asthma, migraine, enuresis, obesity, bowel disorders, and
pain management during childbirth. One can surely hope for bringing permanent
behavioral changes by the use of hypnosis treatment. The effect of hypnosis is not
at all a placebo effect but it can be of great help in achieving long-term mental
and physical relaxation.
Millions of people throughout the world suffer from anxiety caused by stress and
even in its least severe form it can have an adverse effect on your health and day
to day life. People suffering from extreme cases of anxiety can even become house
bound, suffering from agoraphobia. While the majority of us can deal with stress and
anxiety on a daily basis and let it go, millions throughout the world cannot and are
forced to suffer a limited existence.
Hypnosis has a calming affect on the whole body that alleviates both stress and
There are many ways that anxiety can be reduced, a doctor can prescribe medication
and it might be advisable and needed at first. There are also many therapies
available to those suffering including learning relaxation techniques and
meditation. However, despite the wide variety of treatments, one of the most popular
alternatives is hypnosis therapy.
There are different ways to take advantage of and use hypnosis. In the simplest form
hypnosis can be done at home, all that is needed is to purchase one of many DVD`s or
tapes that are specially prepared for home use and listen to it. The other option is
going to a hypnotist who will guide you throughout a session or several sessions, in
order for you to get on top of your problem.
Hypnosis has been scientifically validated as an effective way to treat anxiety,
stress, depression, low self-esteem and other psychological disorders.
How does hypnotherapy work with anxiety?
Stress and anxiety and especially the symptoms that anxiety produces are all in the
mind, meaning they are thoughts and feelings from signals that the brain sends out.
In reality when suffering from anxiety you are tricked by your brain into thinking
there is something wrong. If you were to just let the feelings pass without giving
them any credence then they would simply disappear, however those who suffer don’t.
They hang onto the feelings and let them bother them; they believe that something
must be seriously wrong for them to feel this way. The more they think and let the
feelings bother them, over time these feelings get instilled in the mind and this
becomes the natural way of thinking.
Hypnosis is a proven method for overcoming anxiety. The process of hypnosis is
rewarding, positive, safe and gentle.
Using hypnotherapy changes the pattern of your thoughts, it brings you out of the
stupor you have put yourself in and teaches you how to let these thoughts, feelings
and worries go and come back to the real world. It brings back and establishes your
pattern of free will, which through sheer terror you let go. You are then able to react to everyday occurrences and stress as you had previously before this took a hold of you. Hypnosis merely interrupts this new way of thinking that you have quickly let establish and returns your old way of thinking, thereby freeing you from the debilitating life that you have made for yourself and allows you instead to be the person that you once were.
Hypnosis is perhaps one of the best ways to overcome problems with anxiety as it
focuses on the true problem at heart, the brain and its pattern. It is one of the
safest ways and a way that anyone can go as the therapy can be undertaken in the
persons home where they feel most comfortable.
Relaxation in to Self Reliance and Constructive Changes
Meditation is one way to achieve relaxation. Meditation is considered mind-guided
control because you are allowing your mind to open up by breathing and visualizing
yourself in a relaxed state. Another form of mind-guided control is self- induced
hypnosis. Self- induced hypnosis should be learned from a professional before you
start practicing at home. Self- induced hypnosis allows you to relax by going inside
the power of your mind. To understand the technique you will want to go online and
speak with a qualified professional.
Once you have completed the relaxation phase of your self-hypnosis induction
procedure, you can begin to deepen the relaxed state.
How hypnotherapy benefits you:
When you learn hypnotherapy, you will learn control. Most individuals feel they
cannot relax even when they try because the stress leaks into their mind. With
self-hypnosis, you learn new skills to attain relaxation. Individuals who have
phobias, fears, or other disorders often find self- hypnosis will help them through
times of an anxiety attack. Specialist believe learning to control any fear will
help build a stronger person as well as a stronger relationship with others.
Self-hypnosis will also help control your emotions by learning to observe yourself
and your actions before letting your emotions rule.
About the Author
I was lieutenant in Romanian Army .
I am an writer . My last work is : “A history of the book” , published at “unibook” .Other my works are :
“The way of the fiction” ;
“The red and blue words” ;
“Russian woman in the church” ;
“Parapsichology today” ;
“From Ptahhotep until Garcia Marquez” ;
“The women against the men” .